The background to the Fourth Railway Package and the deregulation of rail transport is that Europe is facing new challenges. Within a 15-year period, a number of major changes must take place in the transport sector. This is to open up the European countries’ domestic markets and create an optimum environment for infrastructure enterprise. To meet global environmental requirements, Europe needs to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 60 per cent by 2050.
“Rail is one of the most environmentally friendly modes of transport, and it must be made more attractive. We need to get more players involved,” says Fitch.
Sweden began re-regulation of the passenger service market early, implementing several important stages even before becoming a member of the EU. The EU regulations have been extensively influenced and inspired by the Swedish model, but Swedish legislation has also been affected by the EU in the past 10 years.
There are vast differences between EU nations when it comes to dealing with deregulation.
“The differences can make things awkward, but Sweden can also be inspired by the fact that different countries do things in different ways,” says Gunnar Alexandersson, Doctor of Economics and the man in charge of the inquiry into the Swedish railway’s re-regulation from an EU perspective.